de.<iring to tufxr the fort is hi* friend or relation and that lie is ready to Mirier from the consequences of any crime which the f »ruajr :/.ay Commit. Then alter affixing one seal upon another -V . thiry ?end him into tae fort. On shoeing the seal, tile people '-.v;;o are inside', admit him into the interior. One is permitted to mov j about the city, on producing the seal before ill*.- talari known as the kot^riL Whe:i after the days of sojourn in the fort, a person desires to reniru to his conniiy, he has to jr'ive notice of his intention to the first parupat*/ayara, and get liis *eal (affixed to the permit which he carries with him). This permit must be shown (at first) to the talari called kotwal and then to the sentries that mount guard at the gate of the fort. The visitor is then allowed to go out. pp. 54-55* 120 (f/). PUNISHMENTS AND REWARDS IN THE MUSSAL1IAN KINGDOMS. (We at last reached) the courtyard (of the palace) having surmounted such difficulties (as mentioned already). (Several kinds of) punishment arc- daily iu'iicted (upon people)in front of the palace ; men are cut into two either (with a sword) or a saw 5 th ey are tied up in a sack and beaten with an iron club ; bow-strings are inserted into their ear (lobes?) ; they are made to sit astride on ruined walls with a stone two iulas in weight fastened to each leg; and they are tied into a bundle and are rolled (on the ground) in the sun ; besides the unamyagars of the rilmas, are tortured in various ways ; they are tied to the feet of the elephants and are dragged (on the ground). If (the ma&iya- tjars) being terrified at the sight of these horrible tortures pay the money, they are left alive ; if, on the other hand, they find it inconvenient to pay, they are tortured to death in the middle of the street itself. (Having seen these tortures, we passed on to the government offices which are built in front of the palace).* From that place, the people of all the offices salute the First *The language of tlie original is very corrupt ; and its meaning is not quite irte31:giHe. Tlie sentence enclosed in the brackets may be taken to be the general drift uf tilt j; A-,: age.